canada africa partner reservation Manatees in Florida’s Blue Spring

Manatees in Florida’s Blue Spring


Wayne’s routine was second nature, honed over countless spring mornings. He effortlessly prepared the canoe, grabbed his recording equipment and told stories of old, each story punctuated by a laugh. Within moments of meeting him, I discovered his journey from military service to park ranger in 1976, when manatees became his life’s work.

His fascination with these gentle giants mirrors that of many: their size, slow pace and seemingly playful nature enchant onlookers. Yet it is precisely this attraction that poses a threat to manatees, as people often get too close, driven by a desire to interact directly. Blue Spring State Park has had to enforce strict regulations to protect these creatures from human encroachment.

During the winter months, manatees flock to the warm waters of Florida’s springs, a behavior crucial to their survival. As they search for seagrass, their main food source, the colder weather makes it necessary to seek out sanctuaries like Blue Spring, where the water stays around 72 degrees Fahrenheit. This temperature is optimal for their well-being, prompting strict regulations to prevent human interactions that could disrupt their essential rest, nutrition and warmth. At this vulnerable time, even minimal human intervention can have a significant impact on their ability to survive the winter.

Manatee conservation efforts in Florida are as diverse as the state’s attractions, driven by the influx of tourists and residential expansion. In contrast to Blue Spring State Park’s protective measures, places like Crystal River and Weeki Wachee on Florida’s west coast offer designated areas for direct human-manatee interaction through swimming, snorkeling and diving. This difference in conservation practices highlights the nuanced risks faced by manatees in different habitats. In addition to human contact, manatees are increasingly threatened by boat strikes and entanglement, posing significant challenges to their populations statewide.